Remembrance Day

Remembrance Day Poppies at The Tower of London in 2014

The Remembrance Day symbolism of the poppy started with a poem written by a Canadian World War I brigade surgeon who was struck by the sight of the red flowers growing on a ravaged battlefield.  Struck by the sight of bright red blooms on broken ground, McCrae wrote a poem, “In Flanders Field,” in which he channeled the voice of the fallen soldiers buried under those hardy poppies.

Tower of London – Poppy Exhibition 2014

End of WW1

Remembrance Day is on 11 November and is also known as Armistice Day. It marks the day World War One ended, at 11am on the 11th day of the 11th month, in 1918. A two-minute silence is held at 11am to remember the people who have died in wars.  There is also Remembrance Sunday every year, which falls on the second Sunday in November.

The signing of the Armistice took place in Ferdinand Foch’s railway carriage in the Forest of Compiègne, about 37 miles (60 km) north of Paris. The location was chosen as it was remote and discreet. Ferdinand Foch was a French military commander who was one of the people who signed the Armistice.

World War I (1914-1918) was finally over. This first global conflict had claimed from 9 million to 13 million lives and caused unprecedented damage. Germany had formally surrendered on November 11, 1918, and all nations had agreed to stop fighting while the terms of peace were negotiated. On June 28, 1919, Germany and the Allied Nations (including Britain, France, Italy and Russia) signed the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending the war.

A National Service of Remembrance is held at The Cenotaph in Whitehall in London every year on the Sunday. Members of the Royal Family and the Government attend the service alongside representatives from the Armed Forces and the public.

The first two-minute silence in Britain was held on 11 November 1919, when King George V asked the public to observe a silence at 11am. This was one year after the end of World War One.  He made the request so “the thoughts of everyone may be concentrated on reverent remembrance of the dead”.

Rossett War Memorial (WW1)

Service men and women from every corner of the UK played their part in the victory. Around six million men were mobilised, and of those just over 700,000 were killed (11.5%). 

Many residents of Rossett took part and some paid the ultimate price.  The War Memorial at the front of Christ Church commemorates those unfortunate few.

Further details of the individuals (and their families) mentioned on the War Memorial can be found on the Rossett 1911 Census page.

Names on the Memorial Panels (1914-1918)

Information where available includes: Rank, Name & Service Number, Served With, Date Died, Age, Details of Parents, Cemetery or Memorial.

ACKERLEY, John Henry 
Private 18858. Died 25/09/1915 aged 22.
Royal Welsh Fusiliers (1st Bn.)
Loos Memorial, Pas de Calais, France.
Son of George Ackerley, of Covey Bank, Lavister, Rossett.
BENNION, Thomas
Private 200954. Died 20/08/1918 aged 36.
Royal Welsh Fusiliers (1st/4th Bn.)
Corbie Communal Cemetery Extension, Somme, France.
Son of Thomas & Jane Bennion, of Broad Oak, Rossett; husband of Constance Helen Bennion, of Rossett Road Cottages, Trevalyn, Rossett.
CLAYS, Albert
Private 200956. Died 17/10/1918 
Royal Welsh Fusiliers (5th/6th Bn.)
erusalem War Cemetery, Israel.
CREWE, John William
Private 235205. Died 09/10/1917 aged 21.
Gloucestershire Regiment (1st/4th Bn.)
Son of William & Mary Elizabeth Crewe, of Burton, Rossett.
CRUMP, John Henry
Private 19113. Died 25/09/1916 aged 21.
Leicestershire Regiment (8th Bn.)
Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France.
Son of Thomas & Mary Crump, of Harwood’s Lane, Rossett.
DAVIES, Thomas John
Private 75841. Died 07/10/1918 aged 32.
Royal Army Medical Corps 
Basra War Cemetery, Iraq.
Son of Catharine S. Davies, of Butchers Arms, Rosset, Wrexham, and the late Thomas Davies.
ELLIS, Samuel Percy
Private 8269. Died 06/10/1916 aged 22.
Royal Welsh Fusiliers (4th Bn.)
Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France.
Son of John & Georgina Ellis, of Trevalyn, Rossett.
GRIFFITHS, John
HACK, John 
Wheeler L/5029. Died 27/04/1918 aged 25.
Royal Field Artillery (19th Bde. Ammunition Col.)
Outtersteene Communal Cemetery Extension, Bailleul, Nord France.Born Rossett. 
Son of John & Mary Ann Hack, of 89, Vandyke Road, Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, England.
HUGHES, William
JACKSON, William George
JOHNSON, Thomas
Wheeler 1996. Died 03/08/1917 aged .
Royal Field Artillery Christ Church Churchyard, Rossett.
JOHNSON, William
Pioneer 233991. Died 08/09/1917 aged .
Royal Engineers Christ Church Churchyard, Rossett.
JONES, Harry
Private 27369. Died 12/08/1916 aged 21.
King’s Liverpool Regiment (18th Bn.)
Exeter High Cemetery, Devon, England.
Son of Mrs. Jane Jones, of Poplar Row, Burton, Rossett.
LLOYD, Joseph
Private 23297. Died 15/04/1918 aged 32.
East Lancashire Regiment (11th Bn.)
Arneke British Military Cemetery, Nord, France.
Son of Robert & Jane Lloyd, of Rossett; husband of Ada Lloyd, of 14, Lodge Street, Blackburn, Lancashire, England.
O’BRIEN, George
Corporal 13147. Died 10/08/1916 aged 21.
King’s Shropshire Light Infantry (6th Bn.)
Sucrerie Military Cemetery, Colincamps, Somme, France.
Son of Martin & Mary O’Brien, of Hern House Cottages, Rossett.
PARTIN, Frank
Private 28322. Died 22/03/1918 aged 22.
Loyal North Lancashire Regiment (9th Bn.)
Arras Memorial, Pas de Calais, France.
Son of Frances Partin, of Lavister, Rossett, and the late John Partin.
PLEAVIN, Walter
RANDLES, John
Gunner 736027. Died 17/09/1917 aged 
Royal Field Artillery (“D” Bty. 245th West Riding Bde.)
Born Rossett.
SANDBACH, Gilbert Robertson
Captain . Died  aged 24.
Denbighshire Yeomanry (attd. 24th Bn. Royal Welsh Fusiliers)
Cairo War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt.
Son of the late Gilbert Robertson & of Harriet Jane Sandbach, of Rossett.
WILLIAMS, William
Rifleman 51446. Died 09/04/1918 aged 19.
King’s Liverpool Regiment (1st/5th Bn.)
Loos Memorial, Pas de Calais, France.
Only son of W & Mary Williams, of Dee Style, Harwood’s Lane, Rossett.
WOOLISCROFT, William
WYCHERLEY, John Leonard
Private G/5463. Died 26/09/1915 aged 30.
Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment (8th Bn.)
Loos Memorial, Pas de Calais, France.
Son of Andrew Wycherley, of Rossett.
WYCHERLEY, Charles Spencer
Sergeant 5197. Died 21/02/1915 aged 37.
Cheshire Regiment (2nd Bn.)
Menin Gate Memorial, Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium.Born Lavister. 
Son of the late Andrew & Elizabeth Wycherley; adopted son of William & Sarah Hughes; husband of Lillie Wycherley, of Gamford Cottages, Rossett. Served in the South African Campaign.

Sources:


TNA – The National Archives
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Clwyd Family History Society
Ancestry
Find My Past
Welsh Newspapers Online 

Rossett in 1911

Front Cover of a National Registration Identity Card

Following our recent post about Remembrance Day and Rossett War Memorial, it seems a good opportunity to list all the residents of the village back in 1911. Information relating to this period can be obtained on-line through a number of genealogy sites that have agreements with The National Archives (TNA). The data collection is known as the 1911 Census.

Historical Context

The national censuses were conducted primarily because of the government’s need for information about population growth and distribution in view of the economic and social changes in the UK and Europe in the late 18th century.  The 1911 census, in contrast to the earlier returns, is comprised of the original householders’ schedules and census enumerators’ summaries. This is the first census that retains the household schedules rather than copying them into enumerators’ books, so you could be looking at your ancestor’s handwriting. Unlike earlier censuses, these returns include soldiers serving overseas. The numbers of years a couple has been married is recorded along with how many children (both dead and alive) they have had.

Example Page from the Census Return

What is in the Records

The 1911 census for England and Wales was taken on the night of Sunday 2 April, 1911. Rossett, in common with everywhere else, had enumerators visiting each property in the village to collect the name, date of birth, address, marital status and occupation of every person in the household. Rossett represented just a fraction of the 45 million people to be processed. The census also includes records for the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man, Royal Navy ships at sea, and overseas military establishments.

You may be able to find the following information (where available):

    • Where an individual lived
    • Their age at the time of the census
    • Who (what relatives) they were living with
    • Their place of birth
    • Occupation
    • Details of any guests on the night of the census
    • Details of any servants they had

Also, depending on an individual’s circumstances, additional information could include:

    • Whether they were an employee or employer
    • Precise details of the industry or service they worked in
    • Details of nationality
    • Duration of their current marriage
    • Number of children born to that marriage
    • Number of children still living, and the number who had died
    • Details of any illnesses or conditions each family member had, and the date these began

In response to government concerns the 1911 census also asked additional, more specific questions to each household, about fertility in marriage and occupational data. At the time there were falling birth rates, large numbers of people emigrating, and the nation was in reportedly poor health across the demographic spectrum. This was coupled with the rise (and fall) of businesses during what were rapidly advancing industrial and technological times, so the government felt it necessary to understand more about the health of the nation, and which industries were in general growth or decline.

No Vote, No Census!

The “No Vote No Census” poster on the return form reflects the conflict between the Suffragettes and the government.  Henry Asquith, the Prime Minister, used his state power to block the suffragettes from enfranchisement, fuelling the political rivalry between the suffragettes and the government. The “No Vote No Census” poster demonstrates the political response from the suffragettes, to being declined the right to vote.

Were there any Suffragettes in Rossett? Let us know if one of your relatives was one.

Miss Davies, a suffragette in Birkenhead, completed her census form by giving the name of a male servant and then adding “no other persons, but many women”.

Dorothy Bowker wrote: “Dumb Politically, Blind to the Census, Deaf to the Enumerator.”

Miss Mary Howey of Hertfordshire scrawled a large ‘Votes for Woman’ slogan on her form, listed her occupation as ‘artist and suffragette ‘ and her infirmity as ‘not enfranchised’.

Another method of passive protest was to avoid being at home that night and therefore avoid being included on the census. Women hid or kept moving from place to place throughout the night to avoid being recorded. One woman apparently spent the night in a cycle shed behind her house, wrapped up in her fur coat to keep warm.

Image Source: National Library of Wales, https://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalassemblyforwales/26822502678

The 1921 Census

The 1921 census, to be released in January 2022, will be the most informative yet for family historians it was taken on 19 June 1921 and records information on almost 38 million individuals. New data will allow us to discover more about our ancestors’ daily lives by working out, for example, how far they travelled to work, the size of the company they worked for, where their employer lived, etc. And anyone with an ancestor who employed others will be able to find out about the members of their workforce.

Browse and Search the 1911 Rossett Records …………..